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Open Access Articles

May 13, 2020

Preparing Employees for a Return-to-Work

The COVID-19 pandemic has forced many employees to stay home, and others to work reduced schedules. This extended time away from work may result in some […]
February 6, 2020

How to Design Ergonomics into the Workplace

“Designing in” workplace ergonomics is viewed as an integral part of an effective ergonomics process.  Non-office workplace environments are constantly changing – and new ergonomics challenges […]
December 16, 2019

Ergonomics Standards and Guidelines

Here’s a list of ergonomics standards, guidelines, regulations and compliance resources. It was last updated on January 29, 2020. The list is comprehensive, but we’ve surely […]
November 18, 2019

Managing an Ergonomics Improvement Process

Managing ergonomics at a site requires a lot of planning, coordination, and communication.  An effective ergonomics improvement initiative relies on contributions of people throughout the organization […]
November 4, 2019

How to Develop a Site Ergonomics Plan

A well constructed site ergonomics plan is critical for ensuring that everyone involved in the ergonomics process understands what needs to occur, and who is responsible […]
September 8, 2013

The Potter’s Wheel

4000 year-old technology solves injury problem, increases output 20%, and eliminates rejects Before — Traditional workbench, no fixture The work had previously been done on a […]
September 8, 2013

Counting Motions

A motion is a movement or exertion made by a major joint or body link. From the perspective of preventing musculoskeletal disorders, the concern is for […]
September 8, 2013

Static Load

Static load refers to sustained muscle contraction, such as the fatigue and pain of writer’s cramp from holding a pencil for a long period of time. […]
September 8, 2013

Force Guidelines

Common standards* (Most items apply to sustained work) Maximum two-handed lift (with vertical travel distance) 20 lbs Maximum two-handed carry (no vertical travel distance) 30 lbs […]
September 8, 2013

Lifting Guideline

The Lifting Guideline* incorporates a number of key variables in assessing the risk of injury associated with lifting. It provides a more useful approach than single-weight […]
September 8, 2013


Biomechanical models are mathematical predictive equations that can be used in this manner to estimate loads on the human body. These models can be complex, including the […]
September 8, 2013

50 low-cost ergo improvements

(in development) Who says that good ergonomics has to cost a lot? Here are 50 useful techniques that you can apply at little or no expense […]
September 8, 2013


Common dimensions Concept of 5th and 95th percentile It is conventional to refer to the 5th percentile (short) female and the 95th percentile (tall) male to […]
September 8, 2013

Posture Evaluation

Posture is characterized by measuring the angular relationship between various body links and a fixed frame of reference, usually another intuitive major body segment. The unit of […]