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Open Access Articles

May 13, 2020

Preparing Employees for a Return-to-Work

The COVID-19 pandemic has forced many employees to stay home, and others to work reduced schedules. This extended time away from work may result in some […]
February 6, 2020

How to Design Ergonomics into the Workplace

“Designing in” workplace ergonomics is viewed as an integral part of an effective ergonomics process.  Non-office workplace environments are constantly changing – and new ergonomics challenges […]
December 16, 2019

Ergonomics Standards and Guidelines

Here’s a list of ergonomics standards, guidelines, regulations and compliance resources. It was last updated on January 29, 2020. The list is comprehensive, but we’ve surely […]
November 18, 2019

Managing an Ergonomics Improvement Process

Managing ergonomics at a site requires a lot of planning, coordination, and communication.  An effective ergonomics improvement initiative relies on contributions of people throughout the organization […]
November 4, 2019

How to Develop a Site Ergonomics Plan

A well constructed site ergonomics plan is critical for ensuring that everyone involved in the ergonomics process understands what needs to occur, and who is responsible […]
September 7, 2013

Avoiding Common Errors

Good application of the information on this site generally requires adaptation to fit the circumstances of each workplace (see Cautions). The following list provides additional ways to […]
September 7, 2013


However, the effectiveness of the ideas depend on the circumstances in each workplace. It is not possible in a general setting like this to anticipate all […]
September 7, 2013

How to design equipment to prevent Back Injuries

Back injury risks Back injuries are the most common and consequential type of musculoskeletal injury in general industry. Prevention can involve a number of factors, including […]
September 7, 2013

Perspectives on Ergonomics

Before: Slower, harder After: Faster, easier Ergonomics is a wide-ranging field that seeks to design tools, equipment, and tasks to optimize human capabilities. The goals are […]
September 7, 2013

10 Principles of Design

(Note: The contents below are available as printed booklets for training. See The Ergonomics Manual.) Work in neutral posturesThe field of ergonomics can be divided into two sub-fields: […]
September 7, 2013

Ergonomics — A foundation for production

User-friendly design Birth of ergonomics: World War II aircraft to make the cockpit “pilot friendly” The formal field of ergonomics was developed at the outbreak of […]
September 7, 2013

How to improve the ease of maintenance

[initial development] maintenance human factors: alertness, error reductions in maintenance tasks maintainability: designing equipment to minimize the need to make repairs as well as the ease […]
September 7, 2013

How to optimize hand tool use

[in initial development] The objectives of this page and the links are to show: Note: The primary focus of this information for workplace personnel to improve […]
September 7, 2013

How to improve manual material handling

[In development] Good, but seldom used options: air casters (left) and slides (right) The basics of material handling are generally well known. However, there are several […]