Ergonomics Standards and Guidelines
There are state, national and international ergonomics-related standards and guidelines, including these examples:
- OSHA Ergonomics Program Standard [Overturned]On November 14th, 2000, OSHA published an ergonomics program standard in the Federal Register under the Clinton administration. On January 16, 2001 the program took effect. The Bush Administration repealed it 63 days later on March 20, 2001. Nevertheless, businesses operating the the USA should be familiar with ways in which OSHA continues to enforce workplace ergonomics, even in the absence of a specific ergonomics standard, including:
- General Duty Clause of the OSH Act
- OSHA General Inspection Procedures
- OSHA Citation Process
- OSHA Ergonomics Program Management Guidelines For Meatpacking PlantsAimed at the meatpacking industry, this guideline is nevertheless a good reference for program development.
- Fitting the Job to the Worker: An Ergonomics Program GuidelineState of Washington Department of Labor and Industries. Another example of a program development guideline.
- Workplace Use of Backbelts A NIOSH publication. Are backbelts any good?
- California Ergonomics Regulation: Final Version (effective July 3, 1997)This standard went through a number of revisions, including the following:
- Washington State Department of Labor & Industries Ergonomic Industry GuidelinesThis page contains links to many ergonomic guidelines, organized by industry, including agriculture, construction, trade specific guidelines, manufacturing, health care and much more.
- EU Directive No 90/270/EEC of 29 May 1990These regulations, commonly known as the DSE Regulations, specify minimum Safety & Health Requirements for working with Display Screen Equipment for certain European Union countries.
- ANSI/HFES 100-2007 Human Factors Engineering of Computer WorkstationsThis standard provides specific guidance for the design and installation of computer workstations, including displays, input devices, and furniture that will accommodate a wide variety of users.
- BIFMA G1 – 2013 Ergonomics GuidelineThese guidelines apply to furniture used in office work spaces. This document uses the principles of ISO 9241 and other relevant publications. The guideline emphasizes the concept of “Fit” as defined by ISO 9241.
- CSA-Z412-00 (R2005) Guideline on Office ErgonomicsThis guideline incorporates ergonomics into a step-by-step process for the optimal design of office systems, including the design of jobs and work organization, layout of the office, environmental conditions, and workstation design. It is intended predominately for office workers and employers who are responsible for health and safety or ergonomics programs in the workplace. It will, however, also be useful for facility designers, purchasers, building maintenance, health and safety regulatory agencies, and manufacturers and designers associated with office ergonomics.
- ANSI B11.TR 1—2004: Ergonomic Guidelines for the Design, Installation And Use of Machine ToolsThis guideline provides a uniform approach to ergonomic considerations for machine tools within the workplace. The guideline addresses design, installation and use of manufacturing systems, including individual and integrated machine tools and other components.
- ISO 9241A multi-part standard published by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) covering certain ergonomics considerations for human-computer interaction.