Case Studies

Ergonomics- U – Hose Assembly Operation

Source Brandon, K., June 1992, Ergonomics at UAW-Ford, Occupational Health & Safety. Task Prior to Abatement (Description) One of the tasks in Ford Co.’s North Penn electronics facility in [...]

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Ergonomics- Parachute Packing Shop

Source CTD News, January 1996, vol. 5, No. 1, Holloman’s effort defies expectations, Air Force Best Practices, CTD News. Task Prior to Abatement (Description) Employees had to replace the chute [...]

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Ergonomics- Beverage Delivery

Source Zak Figura, S., August 1996, Reducing the Risks of Material Handling, Occupational Hazards. Task Prior to Abatement (Description) Workers unload cases of soda cans and bottles from trucks, [...]

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Ergonomics- Metal Tube Cutting

Task Prior to Abatement (Description) Get tubes: The worker lifts metal tubes that are 24 feet long and weigh 50 to 100 pounds. The worker carries them to the saw table conveyor rolls. Task Prior [...]

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Maintenance and Distribution of Weight in Hand Trucks Used in Beverage Delivery

Source Zak Figura, S., August 1996, Reducing the Risks of Material Handling, Occupational Hazards. Task Prior to Abatement (Description) Underinflated hand truck tires put unnecessary musculoskel [...]

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Ergonomics- Hand Truck Delivery

Task Prior to Abatement (Description) - Hand Truck Delivery Food and tobacco materials have been moved using steel hand truck delivery which imposed unnecessary musculoskeletal stress on delivery w [...]

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Manufacturing Steel Furniture

Source CTD News, January 1996, vol. 5, No. 2, Charleston Forge Welds Homemade Approach, CTD News. Task Prior to Abatement (Description) Workers had to carry, shape, and cut 20-foot lengths of ste [...]

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Ergonomics- Recycle Warehouse Operation

Source CTD News, January 1996, vol. 5, No. 1, Avenor’s fitness on warm-up to ergonomics, Avenor’s Best Practices, CTD News. Task Prior to Abatement (Description) Workers had to cut off heavy wi [...]

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Ergonomics- Transmission Assembly Operation

Source CTD News, January 1996, vol. 5, No. 1, Ford Best Practices, CTD News. Task Prior to Abatement (Description) Workers had to carry a 35-pound clutch about 10 steps to the assembly line and i [...]

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Ergonomics- Automotive Parts Manufacturing

Source Bureau of Labor Statistics, 1988 (Bulletin No. 2308). Task Prior to Abatement (Description) Various manual material handling tasks performed by workers. Task Prior to Abatement (Method Wh [...]

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Ergonomics- Install Backglass From Outside – Glass Install

Source Armstrong, Thomas J.; Fine, Lawrence J.; Joseph, Bradley; and Silverstein, Barbara. Analysis of Selected Jobs for Control of Cumulative Trauma Disorders in Automobile Plants. Ann Arbor, Michig [...]

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Ergonomics- Skin Stapler Assembly and Welding Operation

Source Longmate, Arthur R., and Hayes, Timothy J., March/April 1990, Making a Difference at Johnson & Johnson: Some Ergonomic Intervention Case Studies, Industrial Management, 32(2). Task Prio [...]

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3M Pilots Ergonomic Program

  Task Prior to Abatement (Description) 3M Pilots Ergonomic Program. Workers manufacture various cardiovascular surgical devices. Task Prior to Abatement (Method Which Identified Hazard) The [...]

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Ergonomics- Feeding Sutures to Semi-Automatic Winding Machine (SAW)

Task Prior to Abatement (Description) The SAW operator sits at the machine and feeds sutures into the loading area. If there are machine or product problems, the operator may hit the foot pedal up [...]

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Ergonomics- Moving Storage Drums

Task Prior to Abatement (Description) Ergonomic case study for workers moving storage drums. Workers manually unload newly arrived drums which weigh 50 to 75 pounds a piece. Task Prior to Abatemen [...]

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Ergonomics- Toyota’s Motor Manufacturing Assembly

Task Prior to Abatement (Description) Workers had to perform auto plants normal production assembly. The tasks involve various postures, reaching distances, pinching or gripping, and manual lifting. [...]

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Ergonomics- Design and Manufacturing Mainframe Computers

Task Prior to Abatement (Description) Workers had to design and manufacturing computer main frames which were 5 feet tall, 3 feet wide and 2 feet deep. They weighed about 1200 pounds. Tasks involv [...]

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Ergonomics- Palletizing Boxes

Task Prior to Abatement (Description) Ergonomic case study for workers palletizing boxes. Pick-up carton: The worker picks up a carton from a 27 inch high conveyor system. Task Prior to Abatement (I [...]

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Ergonomics- Warehouse Carrying

Task Prior to Abatement (Description) Ergonomic case study for warehouse carrying. Pick-up load: The worker bends at the waist to pick up a heavy load from a pallet located on the floor. Carry lo [...]

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Ergonomics- Install Windshield Molding – Apply Sealant And Install Molding

  Task Prior to Abatement (Description) This is a fictitious job but reflective of common work situations on an auto assembly line. Worker position: Two workers are on each side of the assembl [...]

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Ergonomics- Install Windshield Molding – Secure Grill

Task Prior to Abatement (Description) Ergonomic cases study for workers who install windshield molding.  This is a fictitious job but reflective of common work situations on an auto assembly line. [...]

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Ergonomics- Install Backglass From Outside – Install Cargo Light

Task Prior to Abatement (Description) Ergonomic case study for workers who install backglass from outside. This is a fictitious job but reflective of common work situations on an auto assembly line. [...]

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Ergonomics- Brake Assembly – Install Drums On Compact/Midsize Cars

Task Prior to Abatement (Description) Ergonomic case study for brake assembly installation workers. This is a fictitious job but reflective of common work situations on an auto assembly line. Worker [...]

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Ergonomics- Install Headlamps

Task Prior to Abatement (Description) This is a fictitious job but reflective of common work situations on an auto assembly line. Worker position: The worker stands adjacent to the auto assembly lin [...]

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Ergonomics- Carrier Assembly – Load Station

Task Prior to Abatement (Description) This is a fictitious job but reflective of common work situations on an auto assembly line. Worker position: The worker wears gloves and stands facing the assem [...]

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Ergonomics- Carrier Assembly – Load Station

Task Prior to Abatement (Description) This is a fictitious job but reflective of common work situations on an auto assembly line. Worker position: The worker wears gloves and stands facing the assem [...]

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Ergonomics- Drill Spindle

Task Prior to Abatement (Description) This is a fictitious job but reflective of common work situations on an auto assembly line. Worker position: Worker is wearing bulky gloves and standing adjacen [...]

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Ergonomics- Door Assembly Operation

Task Prior to Abatement (Description) Sikorsky’s helicopter assembly plant was built long before ergonomics became part of design considerations. This old fashioned design consideration introduce [...]

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Ergonomics- Television Workstation

Task Prior to Abatement (Description) Workers had to work at an improperly conceived television workstation. The workplace consisted of the television station’s electronic equipment, two styluses [...]

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Ergonomics- Feeding Wide Layers of Material to Large Bandage-Making Machine

Task Prior to Abatement (Description) Ergonomic case study for workers feeding wide layers of material to large bandage-making machine. The worker had to feed wide layers of material into the machi [...]

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Ergonomics- Loading Aircraft Stow Bins

Task Prior to Abatement (Description) Ergonomic case study for workers who load aircraft stow bins.  Stow bins installed in passenger compartments of large commercial aircrafts are heavy and bulky [...]

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Ergonomics- Unloading and Scanning Groceries

Task Prior to Abatement (Description) Ergonomic case study for workers unloading and scanning groceries. Workers had to unload groceries from deep basket carts and scan them. Task Prior to Abateme [...]

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Ergonomics- Shoe Manufacturing Procedures

Task Prior to Abatement (Description) Ergonomic case study for shoe manufacturing procedures. Workers had to perform 75 to 100 different manufacturing procedures to produce a pair of shoes. These p [...]

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Ergonomics- School Custodians

  Task Prior to Abatement (Description) Worker had to scrub and burnish the floors, clean the carpets, lift garbage cans above shoulder level to empty into the dumpster, and carry cafeteria t [...]

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Ergonomics- Automotive Component Assembly Operation

Task Prior to Abatement (Description) PBM Industries assembles automobile parts in Chesterfield, Michigan. Lower Control Arm (LCA) was a new automotive component assembled in PBM Industries. It wei [...]

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Ergonomics- Motor and Equipment Assembly

Task Prior to Abatement (Description) Ergonomic case study for motor and equipment assembly worker. Worker had to fix cars and assemble engines in the shop by working underneath vehicles either on [...]

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Ergonomics- Quality Control Inspection

Task Prior to Abatement (Description) Workers had to inspect products for quality controls by leaning forward over a conveyor. The work was active and required changing from one task and workstatio [...]

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Ergonomics- Clerical Worker

Task Prior to Abatement (Description) Ergonomic case study for clerical worker.  Clerical workers had to perform different tasks using keyboards and applying pinch grip to remove staples. Wrist ex [...]

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Ergonomics- PPG Industries of Pittsburgh

Task Prior to Abatement (Description) An ergonomic case study for PPG Industries of Pittsburgh. PPG manufactures glass, fiberglass, chemical coatings, and resins with world wide operations. The com [...]

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Ergonomics- Loading and Installing Aircraft Seats

Task Prior to Abatement (Description) An ergonomic case study for workers loading and installing aircraft seats. Seats installed in passenger compartments of large commercial aircrafts are heavy an [...]

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Ergonomics- Travelers Indemnity Co.

Task Prior to Abatement (Description) Travelers is one of the nation’s largest workers’ compensation insurance carriers. Although the company had been prescribing healthy and safe workplace pra [...]

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Ergonomics- Siemens Automotive

  Task Prior to Abatement (Description) An ergonomic case study for workers at Siemens Automotive. Siemens Auburn Hills, Mich-based, designs and manufactures electronic automobile systems. It [...]

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Ergonomics- Newport News Shipbuilding

Task Prior to Abatement (Description) An ergonomic case study for workers at Newport News Shipbuilding. Newport News shipbuilding builds nuclear powered aircraft carriers and nuclear submarines. Th [...]

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Ergonomics- Silicon Graphics Inc.

Task Prior to Abatement (Description) An ergonomic case study for workers at Silicon Graphics. Silicon Graphic Inc., headquartered in Mountain View, California, is a leading supplier of high-perfor [...]

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Ergonomics- Loading and Installing Aircraft Galley Cart Lifts

Task Prior to Abatement (Description) An ergonomic case study for workers loading and installing aircraft galley cart lifts.  Galleys installed in passenger compartments of large commercial aircra [...]

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Ergonomics- Computer Workstations

Task Prior to Abatement (Description) An ergonomic case study for computer workstations.  Petroleum Technology Center (PTC) is Marathon Oil Company’s technology and field-operations support faci [...]

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Ergonomics- Computer Related Tasks

Task Prior to Abatement (Description) An ergonomic case study for computer related tasks. Workers had to perform repetitive, computer-related tasks. Task Prior to Abatement (Method Which Identifie [...]

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Ergonomics- Rear Vehicle Seat Assembly

Task Prior to Abatement (Description) An ergonomic case study for rear vehicle seat assembly. Workers had to attach more than 40 fasteners with one hand using an air tool in about one minute. Work [...]

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Ergonomics- Nutrition Services

Task Prior to Abatement (Description) An ergonomic case study for nutrition services workers.  Workers frequently squeezed a pistol – like grip food sprayer. Workers had to move food tray carts [...]

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Ergonomics- Nursing Patients and Laundry

Task Prior to Abatement (Description) An ergonomic case study for workers dealing with nursing patients and laundry.  Workers were manually lifting and moving patients and doing laundry. Task Pri [...]

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Office Workstations

Source CTD News, 1995, Consumers Power Intervenes before CTDs Hit, Ergonomics that Work, CTD News. Task Prior to Abatement (Description) Workers had to perform regular office work using computers [...]

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Trocar Assembly

Source Longmate, Arthur R., 1996, Johnson & Johnson, Ergonomic Control Measures in the Health Care Industry, Occupational Ergonomics. Task Prior to Abatement (Description) During the assembly [...]

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Low-Force Activation Buttons

Source Longmate, Arthur R., 1996, Johnson & Johnson, Ergonomic Control Measures in the Health Care Industry, Occupational Ergonomics. Task Prior to Abatement (Description) Workers had to full [...]

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Knob Twist Fixture

Source Longmate, Arthur R., 1996, Johnson & Johnson, Ergonomic Control Measures in the Health Care Industry, Occupational Ergonomics. Task Prior to Abatement (Description) Workers had to adjust [...]

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Manufacturing Industrial Equipment

Source Jegerlehner, James L., 1995, John Deere Dubuque Works, Workers’ Participation Helps Reduce Cumulative Trauma Disorder Injuries, Advances in Industrial Ergonomics and Safety VII. Task Prior [...]

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Instrument Test Fire Fixture

Source Longmate, Arthur R., 1996, Johnson & Johnson, Ergonomic Control Measures in the Health Care Industry, Occupational Ergonomics. Task Prior to Abatement (Description) Workers had to hand f [...]

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Manual Delivery

Source Fehrenbacher, D., and Wick, John, L., 1995, A Successful Back Injury Reduction Program, Advances in Industrial Ergonomics and Safety VII. Task Prior to Abatement (Description) Manual Materia [...]

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Box Building and Closing

Box Building and Closing Source Wick, John, L. , and Johnson, D., 1994, Implementing Ergonomic Changes With Limited Resources, Advances in Industrial Ergonomics and Safety VII. Task Prior to Abat [...]

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Deere and Company

Source CTD News, August 1995, An Ergo Process That Runs Like a Deere, CTD News. Task Prior to Abatement (Description) Deere and Company is the world’s largest manufacturer of farm equipment. In [...]

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